Lack of sleep: When you don't get enough sleep, the skin under your eyes can become thin and pale, making the blood vessels more visible.
Allergies: Allergies can cause inflammation and swelling around the eyes, which can make dark circles appear more pronounced.
Dehydration: When you're dehydrated, the skin under your eyes can become dry and flaky, making dark circles more noticeable.
Sun exposure: The sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage the skin around your eyes, leading to dark circles.
Smoking: Smoking can damage the blood vessels around your eyes, making dark circles appear more pronounced.
Anemia: Anemia is a condition in which the body doesn't have enough healthy red blood cells. This can lead to pale skin, including the skin under your eyes.
Thyroid problems: Thyroid problems, such as hypothyroidism, can cause puffiness and dark circles under the eyes.
Ageing: As you age, the skin around your eyes becomes thinner and less elastic, making dark circles more visible.
In some cases, dark circles can be a sign of an underlying medical condition, such as liver disease or kidney disease. If you're concerned about dark circles under your eyes, it's a good idea to see a doctor to rule out any medical causes.
There are a number of things you can do to help prevent or reduce dark circles, such as:Getting enough sleep. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep per night.
Reducing stress. Stress can contribute to dark circles, so find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, yoga, or meditation.
Staying hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
Protecting your skin from the sun. Wear sunglasses and a hat when you're outdoors, and use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher on your face and neck.
Quit smoking. Smoking can damage the blood vessels around your eyes, making dark circles appear more pronounced.
Eating a healthy diet. Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help improve the overall health of your skin.
Using eye creams or serums. There are a number of eye creams and serums on the market that claim to reduce dark circles. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support their effectiveness.
If you've tried the above tips and your dark circles are still bothering you, you may want to see a dermatologist for more treatment options.